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Smoking Bans: Banning Freedom

According to Prof. Aeon Skoble, smoking bans are on the rise in America. At first glance, this trend seems to stage a battle of rights. The smoker claims to have the right to smoke, while the nonsmoker claims the right to clean air in “public” places such as restaurants and bars.

In an important way, however, restaurants and bars are private places. They have owners, just like homes. Skoble argues that restaurant and bar owners should be able to set smoking rules for their establishments, much like you can set smoking rules in your own household.
Nobody forces a customer into a particular restaurant or bar; drinkers and diners are free to choose among the alternatives available, each of which has a unique environment, including its set of smoking rules. Discussions about “smoker’s rights vs. nonsmoker’s rights” miss the fundamental issue: restaurant and bar owners’ property rights.

Smoking Bans: Banning Freedom

In many jurisdictions across the country, we’re seeing more and more bans on smoking in public places. This seems like it’s a conflict of rights because the smoker claims, “I have the right to smoke, don’t I?” Whereas the nonsmoker will claim, “I have the right to breathe clean air, don’t I?”

But in many of these areas the concept of “public places” includes bars or restaurants. And in an important way, those aren’t public places. Those are private places.  The bar, the restaurants, those have owners, just like you own your home. If you’re in my house, you don’t have the right to smoke unless I say that you can smoke. And if I’m in your house, I don’t have the right to clean air unless you say I have the right to clean air. When I’m in your house, we will either smoke or not smoke, depending on what your rules are. When we’re in my house, we’ll either smoke or not smoke depending on what my rules are.

And just as you should be expected to set the use rules for your own home, surely the restaurant owner should be able to set the use rules for what goes on in that restaurant. You don’t have the right to complain that there’s smoking or that there’s no smoking, because it’s not your restaurant.

The restaurant owner knows his or her clientele, knows whether it’s the sort of establishment where it would be more advantageous to allow smoking or to ban smoking. Why not let the restaurant owner make those decisions for that establishment, just the same way that you get to make those rules for your own home?

You’re not required to go to the restaurant in the first place. If you would like to go to a restaurant where there’s no smoking allowed, then you should go to a restaurant where there’s no smoking allowed. If you’d like to go to a restaurant where there is smoking allowed, then you should go to that kind of a restaurant.

But to frame that in terms of rights is to miss the point of whose rights are in question. It’s not really a matter of smokers’ rights versus nonsmokers’ rights. It’s really a matter of property owners’ rights. You have the right to smoke in your property, and you have the right to have a smoke-free environment in your own property. But you don’t have a right to one condition or the other in somebody else’s property. The property owner’s rights are the ones that should determine the rules for use of that property. You don’t have rights that override the property owner’s rights. If I’m in your restaurant, it’s up to you whether I can smoke or not, not up to me.

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6 Comments

  1. taschrant

    For some reason, I always think of Dale Gribble from "King of the Hill" whenever somebody mentions smoking bans.  The smoking bandit!

  2. Anonymous

    Then, how can owners’ property rights not be taken into account as if every office or building belong to the state?

  3. Anonymous

    There’s a difference between a private home and a restaurant. Your home is not open to the paying public. A restaurant is. Moreover, when you patronize a restaurant you buy some rights, just as, when you rent a home, you buy some rights from the owner. In both cases, you do have a choice up front whether you want to enter into a contractual arrangement in the first place, but that done, you have rights that override those of the property owner. Freedom from harm is one of them.

  4. kevinbuttrum

    This video isn’t as much about smoking rights as it is about property rights, and freedom of choice. The property owner can or cannot allow smoking, and you can chose to patronize or not to patronize his property. When you FORCE him to ban or not ban something you have just violated the property owners right. No one is FORCING you to chose to patronize or not! FORCE is the bad word here. More currently is the bans of Vaping. They do know what the effects are of the vapor, and second hand vapor, and they are similar to perfumes, or cosmetics. If you don’t like the scent, its going to bother you. But no one FORCES people to stop using perfume and or cosmetics. Whats next ban nuts, milk, and pork, because people are allergic. Control freaks will never stop. But, boy of boy, try to control them, and see what happens.

  5. Anonymous

    Since most if not all bars are non smoking, as a non smoker you have a greater choice of bars/restaurants than smokers and are not obliged to eat/drink in a smoking bar! Get real!

  6. Anonymous

    Also interesting how the non smoker is in a suit and the smoker has a Mow-hawk haircut! I know many doctors who smoke, as well as several dentists. Profiling? Absolutely. I worry more about drinkers who devour large quantities of alcohol and then get in their cars, but I suppose that’s acceptable!!

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