Amid the ongoing war in Ukraine, Vladimir Putin and the Russian state — along with many gullible voices in the West — assert that Ukraine is a victim of Western colonialism and expansionism.
Indeed, Putin’s narrative frames Russia’s invasion as a supposed liberation of Ukraine from nefarious external influences.
However, an examination of history reveals a starkly different truth — one deeply rooted in centuries of Russian colonialism and expansionism.
“Colonization is why Africa is so poor” is something I hear all the time. But it was not until recently that I realized: This impulsive defense of Africa is far from the full truth.
Why are some countries successful while others aren’t? Is it down to natural resources, colonialism, or can it be better explained by something else?